Грамматика

Форма Past Perfect Continuous

Форма Past Perfect Continuous

Образование

Форма Past Perfect Continuous образуется при помощи had been и глагола c ing окончанием

I had been dancing- Я танцевал

We had been dancing- Мы танцевали

They had been dancing – Они танцевали

В вопросительной форме вспомогательный глагол had стоит перед подлежащим

Обратите внимание на порядок слов: had + подлежащее + been + сказуемое c ing

Had they been dancing? - Они танцевали?

Had you been dancing?- Ты танцевал?

Had he had been dancing?- Он танцевал?

В отрицательной форме после had ставится отрицательная частица not

Обратите внимание на порядок слов: подлежащее + had + not + been + сказуемое c ing

 

We had not been dancing- Мы не танцевали

They had not been dancing- Они не танцевали

She had not been dancing- Она не танцевала


Употребление

1.Выражает действие, которое началось до определённого момента в прошлом, и всё ещё происходило в тот момент речи.

I had been surfing the internet for 2 hours when my friend came

Я лазил в интернете уже 2 часа к тому моменту, когда мой друг пришёл.

Mo dog had been playing for half an hour before we went for a walk

Моя собака играла уже полчаса перед тем, как мы пошли гулять

I had been washing my hair when you called me

Я мыла голову, когда ты мне позвонил


2. Выражает длительное действие, которое началось до определённого момента в прошлом и непосредственно закончилось перед этим моментом речи:

There were many puddles in the street. It had been raining hard all night

На улице было много луж. Всё ночь шёл дождь

I had gorgeous manicure. I had been doing my nails for hour

У меня был великолепный маникюр. Я его делала час

Рассмотрим глагольные формы Past Parfect Continuous


 

Утвердительная форма

Отрицательная форма

Вопросительная форма

I had (I`d) been chatting

I had not been (hadn`t) chatting

Had I been chatting?

He had been chatting

He had not been chatting

Had he been chatting?

She had  been chatting

She had not been chatting

Had she been chatting?

We had been chatting

We had not  been chatting

Had we been chatting?

They had been chatting

They had not been chatting

Had they been chatting?

You had been chatting

You had not been chatting

Had you been chatting?

Обратите внимание на сокращения:

 I had = I`d

I had not = I hadn`t

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