Грамматика

Сводная таблица английских времен

Сводная таблица английских времен

 

Утвердительная форма

Вопросительная

форма

Отрицательная

форма

Present Simple

часто повторяющее действие или цепь последовательных действий в настоящем (always, often, seldom, usually, every day, sometimes)

Пример: I drink juice every day.

 

I pay

He pays

She pays

We pay

They pay

You pay

Do I pay?

Does he pay?

Does she pay?

Do we pay?

Do they pay?

Do you pay?

 

*В вопросах в3 л.ед.ч. к глаголам

окончание s

НЕ ДОБАВЛЯЕТСЯ

I do not (don`t) pay

He does not

(doesn`t) pay

She does not (doesn`t) pay

We do not (don`t) pay

They do not

 (don`t) pay

You do not (don`t) pay

*В отрицание  в3 л.ед.ч. к глаголам

окончание s

НЕ ДОБАВЛЯЕТСЯ

Present Continuous

 длительное действие, которое происходит в момент речи.

Пример: I am drinking juice now.

 

I am ( I`m) building

He is ( he`s) building

She is (she`s) building

We are (we`re) building

They are (they`re) building

You are (you`re) building

Am I building?

Is he building?

Is she building?

Are we building?

Are they building?

Are you building?

I am not building

He is not (isn`t) building

She is not(isn`t)   building

We are not (aren`t) building

They are not (aren`t) building

You are not (aren`t) building

Present Perfect

Выражает действие, которое совершилось, а результат отражается в настоящем.

Употребляется с (ever, never, just, already, yet, recently)

Пример: I have already drunk juice.

I have (I`ve) solved

He has (he`s) solved

She has (she`s) solved

We have( we`ve) solved

They have (they`ve) solved

You have (you`ve) solved

Have I solved?

Has he solved?

Has she solved?

Have we solved?

Have they solved?

Have you solved?

I have not (haven`t) solved

He has not (hasn`t) solved

She has not (hasn`t)  solved

We have not (haven`t) solved

They have not (haven`t) solved

You have not  (haven`t) solved

Present Perfect Continuous

действие, которое началось до определённого момента в настоящем, и всё ещё происходить в момент речи или закончилось перед речью. (since, for)

Пример: I have been working out since morning.

 

I have (I`ve) been skipping

He has (he`s) been skipping

She has (she`s)  been skipping

We have ( we`ve)   been skipping

They have (they`ve) been skipping

You have (you`ve)   been skipping

Have I been skipping?

Has he been skipping?

Has she been skipping?

Have we been skipping?

Have they been skipping?

Have you been skipping?

I have not been (haven`t) skipping

 He has not (hasn`t)   been skipping She has not (hasn`t)  been skipping

We have not (haven`t)  been skipping

They have not (haven`t)  been skipping

You have not (haven`t)  been skipping


Глагольные формы прошедшего времени.

 

 

Утвердительная форма

Вопросительная

форма

Отрицательная

форма

Past Simple

действие, совершившиеся в прошлом и не связано с настоящем моментом речи.

Пример: I drank juice yesterday.

I took

He took

She took

We took

They took

You took

I washed

He washed

She washed

We washed

They washed

You washed

Для правильных гл. добавляется окончание –ed, для неправильных употребляется 3форма

Did I wash?

Did he wash?

Did she wash?

Did we wash?

Did they wash?

Did you wash?

В вопросительных формах глагол стоит в начальной форме

I did not (didn`t) wash

He did not

(didn`t) wash

She did not (didn`t) wash

We did not (didn`t) wash

They did not

(didn`t) washYou did not (didn`t) wash

В отрицательной форме глагол стоит в начальной форме

 


Утвердительная форма

Вопросительная

форма

Отрицательная

форма

Past Continuous

Действие в прошлом, происходящее в определённый период.

(the whole day, from 5 till 6, at 4 o`clock yesterday и так далее)

Пример: I was working out from 5 till 6.

I was feeding

He was feeding

She was feeding

We were feeding

They were feeding

You were feeding

Was I feeding?

Was he feeding?

Was she feeding?

Were we feeding?

Were they feeding?

Were you feeding?

I was not (wasn`t) feeding

He was not (wasn`t) feeding

She was not(wasn`t) feeding

We were not (weren`t) feeding

They were not (weren`t) feeding

You were not (weren`t) feeding

Past Perfect

Предшествующее действие в прошлом. Используется часто с предлогом by

Пример: I had drunk juice by 6 o`clock

I had (I`d) shut

      He had shut

She had (she`s) shut

We had shut

They had shut

You had shut

Had+ 3 форма глагола (для неправильных глаголов), окончание ed – для правильных глаголов

Had I shut?

Had he shut?

Had she shut?

Had we shut?

Had they shut?

Had you shut?

I had not (hadn`t) shut

He had not shut

She had not shut

It had not shut

We had not shut

They had not shut

You had not  shut

Past Perfect Continuous

действие, начавшиеся  определённого момента в прошлом, и всё ещё продолжало происходить в тот момент речи

Пример: I was not thirsty I had been drinking juice.

I had (I`d) been feeding

He had been feeding

She had  been feeding

We had been feeding

They had been feeding

You had been feeding

Had I been feeding?

Had he been feeding?

Had she been feeding?

Had we been feeding?

Had they been feeding?

Had you been feeding?

I had not been (hadn`t) feeding

He had not been feeding

She had not been feeding

We had not  been feeding

They had not been feeding

You had not been feeding

 


 


Утвердительная форма

Вопросительная

форма

Отрицательная

форма

Future Simple

Действие или цепь последовательных действий, происходящих в будущем.

Пример: I will work out tomorrow

I will (shall) relax

He will relax

She will relax

We will (shall) relax

They will relax

You will relax

I`ll (сокращённая форма) =I will

Will (Shall) I relax?

Will he relax?

Will she relax?

Will (Shall) we relax?

Will they relax?

Will you relax?

I will not (won’t) relax

He will not

(won’t) relax

She will not (won’t) relax

We will not (won’t) relax

They will not

(won’t) relax

You will not (won’t) relax

Shan`t (сокращённая форма)  = Shall not

Future Continuous

Длительное действие, происходящее в определённый период в будущем.

Пример: I will be working out at 8 o`clock tomorrow

 

I will relaxing

He will relaxing

She will relaxing

We will relaxing

They will relaxing

You will relaxing

Will I relaxing?

Will he relaxing?

Will she relaxing?

Will we relaxing?

Will they relaxing?

Will you relaxing?

I will not relaxing

He will not relaxing

She will not relaxing

We will not relaxing

They will not

relaxing

You will not relaxing

Future Perfect

действие, которое закончится к определенному моменту в будущем.

Пример: I will have worked out by 8 o`clock

I will have counted

He will have counted

She will have counted

We will have counted

They will have

counted

You will have

counted

Will I have counted?

Will he have counted?

Will she have counted?

Will we have counted?

Will they have counted?

Will you have counted?

I will not have counted

He will not have counted

She will not have counted

We will not have  counted

They will not have counted

You will not have counted

Future Perfect Continuous

Действие, которое начнётся до определённого момента в будущем и будет продолжать происходить в тот момент.

Пример: I will have been working out for 2 hours when she comes back

I will have been counting

He will have been counting

She will have  been counting

We will have been counting

They will have been counting

You will have been counting

Will I have been counting?

Will he have been counting?

Will she have been counting?

Will we have been counting?

Will they have been counting?

Will you have  been counting?

I will not have been  counting

He will not have been counting

She will not have  been counting

We will not have  been counting

They will not have  been counting

You will not have  been counting

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